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◎ 张謇《致美国政府请求以退还庚子赔款酌补拨补助南通文化教育事业基金意见书》 (阅读796次)




前闻贵国以沉挚优美之交谊,退还庚子赔款;近复于美国中国各报纸,悉贵国会同意,有以此支配于敝国文化用途之表决,厚意隆情,钦佩无任。中国之南通县,是中国一千七在余县之一,西南临长江,东北临海,水利交通文化,向较他省他县为胜;而新文化事业,尤较他省他县为独早,久为中外人士所知。惟此种种新文化事业,有久经开办者,有须扩充者,有正在建设者,均恃数人之捐助以为中坚,视实业之状况以为转移,经济充足则进行速,经济短绌则进行迟。兹闻贵国慨以赔款退还,用于扶助中国文化,南通为国内文化计,粗有先路之导,正求增进之方。窃希于全数中拨分十之二三,分年资其助力,以期各文化事业之易于发展。按诸各专门校,所收学生及于各省,是直接助南通,间接即助全国。拜德宁有涯矣。因分别略具大概,陈请左右,希鉴核焉。
一、南通已成立之文化事业及现有之基金。吾通因世界趋势,知文化必先教育,教育必先实业,于清光绪二十二年,(即一千八百九十八年)因南通棉产著名,首先创设大生纺纱厂。二十八年,创立师范学校,以为普及教育之基础。纺织须棉,须增产棉地,乃创设通海垦牧公司,有棉产地,须讲求改良棉种及种法,又创设农业学校。此校亦在省立农校之前。纺纱须纺织专门人才,又设立纺织学校,此校为全国所仅有。又设商业学校。南通实业逐年发达,各省旅学于南通各校者,亦逐年加多。乃注重卫生,设立医校及医院。更进而有图书馆,有博物苑,有气象台。此南通已成立之文化事业也。总计自开办至今,除本省本县外,其他各省青年远道而来者,凡浙江、江西、安徽、福建、湖南、山东、山西、陕西、甘肃、云南、贵州、四川等十三省。现在各校已有之基产,计地十二万亩,及通海垦牧公司股本值银二十万元。
二、南通已有之文化事业,其成功之原动力。南通各种文化事业,向由私人经营,绝不仰给于政府,亦不募捐于他处,更不受军阀之牵制。故已成立之中等以上各学校,及其他关于文化事业之种种场所,均由张詧、张謇及张孝若干于各实业私人红利项下,次第拨款建设。偶有不敷,亦以其他私资设法筹补,盖以私人志愿与能力,为地方文化事业之原素,此彰彰在全国人耳目中者。
三、南通预计扩充之文化事业及其所需之基金。按南通大学分科,农科虽经成立,设备尚未完。工业只有纺织专门,须添染。水利交通上,须添设河海工程一部(南通处江海之交,更兴办许多垦植公司,不得不为水利人才宏其造就。)商业仍系中等,亟需进办大学。文科需办哲学与经史地理四科。男女师范均须提高程度,为大学专门之预备。此预计扩充之文化事业也。
四、补充南通文化事业基金之计划。南通所谋扩充文化既如上述,其所需之基金,不得不亟谋补充。查南通大学已有之基金产地毗连处所,尚有优沃草地五十万华亩。此地本有一公司,因缺乏经营资本,急欲廉价出售。南通为补充文化事业基金之故,拟承购此项地产。因其代价廉,而将来之生利巨,即以目前极少数之资金,希望成将来极伟大之事业也。预计购地代价,约华币二百万元,经营费约华币三百万元,总计约华币五百万元。将来每年收益,可达一百五十万元(实收有过无不及,上数系比较人工等田地上之实收,与详细考量工价市价与土质而得),足供前条预计文化事业全体之用。其关于此项补充基金之基产地详细情形及计算如左。

张謇
民国十三年(1924)


王雪飞2011年9月受赵鹏先生之托译自下列英文:
 

Office of the President
                                                            May 18, 1924
Honorable McMurray,
Chief. Far Eastern Division
Department of State
Washington. D.C., U.S.A
Dear sir:
Upon the occasion of the recent decision of the Government of the United States of America to return the balance of the Boxer Indemnity to be used for educational and cultural purposes, I take liberty to express sincere appreciation, which is undoubtedly shared by all classes of the Chinese people, of this demonstration of genuine and profound friendship, and to present the following facts for your esteemed consideration, believing that your high position and weighty judgement will have much to do with the distribution of the several uses.
The municipal district of Nantungchow, one of the 1700 districts of China, bordered by the Yang-tse River on the south and by the Yellow See on the Northeast, has unequalled facities [facilities] for communication and drainage, and acknowledgedly leads the rest of the country in point of time in the establishment of the modern educational agencies. The rapidity of advancement of the modernizing process, in the maintenance and extension of existing institutions and the inauguration of the new ones, has, however, varied with the state of business prosperity and the consequent financial condition of the individuals whose personal contributions and endowments have constituted the principal sources of their support.
In as much as your Government has seen fit to designate the uses of the returned indemnity payments for education and cultural facilities, I venture to hope that the educational organization or Nantungchow, in consideration of the part it has played in the past in educational leadership and of its present need for comprehensive extensions, may receive a part of the funds to be so     returned. The fact that the students at the various schools and institutions come from all over the country assures the rebounding of benefit to the whole nation.
I am, therefore, enclosing a statement of particulars in explanation of my aims and of the plan in question, and remain
             
                                    Faithfully yours,
                                                    
                                            Chang Chien


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