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海岸 ◎ 从东方视角谈和平文学与和平文化 (阅读4006次)

  Peace Through Literature and Culture---An Oriental Perspective



1. A brief analysis of terrorism vs. peace(恐怖主义与世界和平简述)
2. A brief review of occidental revelation on peace(西方和平宗教思想回顾)
2.1. Judaism(犹太教)
2.2. Christianity(基督教)
3.An oriental perspective on peace(东方和平宗教思想述评)
3.1. Confucianism(儒家)
3.2. Taoism(道家)
3.3. Buddhism(佛教)
4. The integrated power of literature, arts and culture on peace
4.1. Literature, esp. poetry on peace(文学:诗歌)
4.2. Arts, mainly painting and music on peace(艺术:绘画、音乐)
4.3. Power of culture on peace(文化)
5. Conclusion(结论)

[http://www.eolss.net/] UNESCO-Encyclopedia of Life Support System]









In the initial years of the twenty-first century, the world peace has
been broken by the emergence of terrorism and new threats of armed
conflict in various regions around the globe. Since the September 11,
2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, there has been an ongoing
incidence of violence and bombings worldwide, from Afghanistan to Iraq,
from Israel to Palestine, from Chechnya to Ossetia, and in London last
month, which have killed large numbers of ordinary citizens. The spirit
of the world peace today is in retreat and regression, almost a kind of

The international community cannot and must not turn a blind eye to the
current tendency. All should join in the search for the kind of
approach that will constitute not symptomatic treatment but fundamental
cure. No efforts will gain the wholehearted support of people or
succeed in bringing about lasting stability and peace without a spirit
of self-mastery based on an acute awareness of the humanity of others,
the very essence of civilization. More importantly, the global
questions of peace must be rethought from the occidental and oriental
perspectives of the reality. Undoubtedly, they endorse a golden rule of
world peace: “Treat others as you want to be treated”. Any attempt to
deal with these large problems should take such cultures into full

The dangerous concepts of a “war of civilizations”, unilateralism and
political exclusion create desperate situations. Terrorism is an
extreme act of desperation, and desperation is one of those emotions
that sometimes lead to suicide or suicide bombers. Modern Islamic
extremism is a result of political exclusion. Recent events from 2003
to 2005 make it clear that an exclusive reliance on military force will
not bring about a fundamental solution, but only plant further seeds of
hatred in regions already torn by strife and deepen the cycles of
hatred and revenge or entrench antagonisms. We therefore strongly
believe in the value of global peace education and the much needed
development of a Culture of Peace, through bridges of literatures and
arts among nations, through television, films and videos, as well as a
responsible global media through internet, to counteract the global
culture of violence.

Peace is not merely the absence of violence, it is the presence of
justice. True peace does not solely mean freedom from war, public
security, from disagreement or quarrels, harmony, concord, serenity.
World peace is a future ideal of freedom, peace and happiness among and
within all nations. The notion of peace is embodied in the fundamental
principles of religions worldwide. Some version of “The Golden Rule of
Peace" finds explicit expression in Judaism, Christianity, Islam,
Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, Islam itself embodies rich
revelations on peace. Even the word Islam is an Arabic word that means
“submission” to the will of God. It means “peace” since its root
silm has the meaning of being at peace. The Chinese concept of peace is
not only a kind of philosophy, but also a kind of soul state or
spiritual personality.

Literatures, arts and culture have the magic function of healing
through words, painting or music of comprehension, care and love. More
definitely, a poem has a marvelous ability to delve deeply into one's
consciousness and to create bridges of trust, understanding, respect
and even love, between people, ethnic groups and nations. Peace poetry
has the wonderful ability to understand both sides and to present both
sides in all its reality, pain, hope and yearning for peace. It can
thus lead to mutual recognition and reconciliation, and to the creative
building of confidence, trust and love. A peace culture can create,
mediate and transfer values, ideas, ethics, information, customs,
traditions, interests, emotions, developments, arts and intellectual
refinement, between people, generations, nations, and civilizations. A
peace culture calls for an attack on the sources of war, by taking
action against injustice and disparities, in favor of a right to
education and respect for human dignity and rights.

Finally, the paper makes such a conclusion: world peace is not
something that can be realized simply by politicians signing treaties,
or by business leaders creating economic co-operations. True and
lasting peace will be realized through literatures, arts and culture,
by establishing strong links of trust between people at the deepest
level, in the depths of their lives. As a mainstream culture, the
governments of all the nations should advocate such a golden rule as
the core ethical value for eons and throughout all cultures.
Furthermore, nongovernmental culture or subculture education should not
be neglected, which would not play less important role in
underdeveloped or developing countries. Therefore, we must work with
renewed determination for mutual respect and understanding, to foster
the culture of peace by bridging between different cultures, and to
denounce terrorism and violence around the world by a long-term peace
education facing young people through literatures and arts in the
broadest sense.

(Published on UNESCO-Encyclopedia of Life Support System, http://www.eolss.net/


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